Wake Up America!

Wake Up America!
 
    Confronted with the reality of constantly failing human behavior magnified in the bureaucracy of political action, Americans loyal to the original intention of the Constitution find themselves in circumstances not unlike those of the colonists who sacrificed “their Lives, their Fortunes, and their sacred Honor”. Bringing to the world a new experiment in government founded on “liberty and justice for all”, the generations of men and women in the late 1700s and early 1800s faced and defeated tyranny and injustice “relying on divine Providence”. “This nation under God . . . . conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal” is under attack from “enemies foreign and domestic” as it never has been before. That attack can proceed only when the original intention of our Constitution is not protected and defended.
 
    The following article relating to the on-going and progressive attack on the absolute and necessary protections of the Second Amendment describes the attack on America on one front. From the tyranny of executive imperialism; judicial activism; branches of government at every level in every jurisdiction failing to check and balance other branches; taxation without representation failing to “secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity” passing on the debt of fiscal irresponsibility by those failing in their oaths of office; to blatant violation of the original explicit undeniable Constitutional intention of the Bill of Rights, the attack on freedom and justice is only escalating. Wake up America!
 
Burglar Rolls Snake-Eyes in Vegas
By Larry Thornberry  2.8.13
A story with a happy ending.

KLAS-TV in Las Vegas reports that in the early morning hours of Tuesday a man in his seventies shot and killed an armed intruder who had just broken into the man’s home along with a couple of armed partners-in-crime.

After dialing 9-1-1 and alerting police to the home invasion, the man shot and killed one of the intruders. Police found the late burglar in the back yard of his intended victim’s home next to his (the burglar’s) gun. Two other miscreants, possibly three, fled the homeowner’s field of fire. On their arrival, police captured one of the would-be burglars. But a third scholar, described as a “Latin male,” escaped and is being sought by police.

This is what the right to bear arms is mainly about. Not hunting, not collecting, not target shooting, not keeping war souvenirs (though these are legitimate endeavors that the government has no business putting an end to). But the right and ability to protect oneself against predators, with deadly force when necessary, as it clearly was in this case, is paramount.

The homeowner who is invaded by someone intent on killing or doing great bodily harm to him or his family, and who does not have a gun, has limited options on what to do with the time remaining to him. Of course he can (1) dial 9-1-1 and have a polite conversation with a civil servant who doesn’t know him and who can’t very much help him anyway. But he might better use his time by (2) getting right with God, then bending over and kissing his rear-end good-bye, because there’s just about zero chance the cops will arrive in time to save it. This is no rap on the cops. Just an understanding that if the predator is at the door and the cops are blocks, perhaps miles, away, the bad guy is holding all the cards, along with whatever weapon he brings to the occasion. 

Even though this story with a happy ending took place in Las Vegas, there’s no mention on what the line is on whether or not the fugitive, the burglar who gave his life for his vocation, and the third loser who was jugged, are American citizens. But of course if President Obama and Marco Rubio have their way, it won’t matter if these guys are citizens. They will remain with us forever.

Las Vegas Police say the homeowner will not be charged in the shooting. As is proper. This reflects the sanity that remains in America outside many of our larger cities, misruled by liberal loonies, where armed homeowners (and apartment dwellers) have more to fear from the criminal justice system than burglars do.

And don’t even get me started on the UK. For the length and breadth of this once great sceptered isle, law-abiding citizens are completely disarmed because politicians of all of the country’s major parties (to the extent any party in the UK can be described as major) have made the care, comfort, and convenience of predatory criminals a fetish. The seat of Mars is now a demi-paradise for aggressive yobs and burglars who have no fear of unarmed citizens, or of a political establishment that acts as their enabler.

The poster boy for current insanity in the royal throne of kings is one Tony Martin of Emneth, in Norfolk. In the late summer of 1999, Martin shot and killed one intruder and wounded another in circumstances not unlike those Tuesday night in Las Vegas. His reward for protecting himself? A conviction for murder and life imprisonment.

After the Martin shooting and arrest a police spokesman offered this breath-taking analysis: “We can’t have people take the law into their own hands.”

During the decades when gun control in the UK went from reasonable to strict, to stricter, to absolute — now the UK’s gun control laws are as tight as those of Cuba — the UK went, as anyone with any sense could have predicted, from the most peaceful country in Europe to the most crime-ridden. Potential UK tourists take note: one is more than twice as likely to be assaulted in the UK as in the United States. Theft is rampant and police do little about it. Oh, and by the way, gun crime is up.

Apparently it’s more acceptable to the British establishment that criminals take the law into their own hands than that the good citizens of a once civilized country retain the right to protect themselves against murder and mayhem.

The UK is much further down the left rabbit hole than America, including in the area of gun control vs. citizens’ rights. So Americans like the gent in Las Vegas are not yet in danger of being jailed for protecting themselves against violent evil-doers. But give the Obamas and the Feinsteins of the world enough time, and that patriot in Las Vegas, as well as the rest of us, may have more to worry about than armed burglars.

    Ignoring the lessons from Canada, England, etc. on healthcare, those again failing to represent us in Congress brought the fiscal disaster of obamacare on working citizens. Accompanying it are its violations of the First Amendment.

     Lessons from the Jamestown and Plymouth colonies on economic reality warning of the economic disasters now impacting us are ignored and corrupted by an educational system dispensing the lies and deceptions of humanism. Education based only on the truths of science and history is absent from formal education. Whether by the propaganda of the liberal media or the failure of the traditional nuclear family to raise up children of truth, the armies of righteousness, morality, and integrity are assaulted as the voices of truth and justice are diminished or obscured. Moving beyond reason ignoring the foundations of liberty and justice for all, no government so directed can succeed and endure in the test tube of time. Wake up America, liberty and justice for all are under attack as never before. Patriots loyal to the original intention of the Constitution must “take increased devotion . . . . that this Nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people by the people and for the people shall not perish from the earth”. This great new civil war rages on around the globe. Don’t lay down your arms, take them up and join the fight. Protect and defend the Constitution of the United States of America and particularly those rights enumerated in our Bill of Rights.

CftC

United States and Territories, 1789-Present

United States and Territories, 1789-Present

 

Territorial Population at Admission

 

The United States Constitution came into effect, forming the new nation. Note that the states ratified at different times, but to simplify the map, the final result is shown here.

 

August 7, 1789: The United States Congress affirmed the organization of the Territory North West of the Ohio River, or Northwest Territory, under the terms of the Northwest Ordinance.

 

April 2, 1790: Congress accepts North Carolina’s cession of its western counties, which had initially been ceded on December 22, 1789. The land became unorganized territory.

 

May 26, 1790: The Southwest Ordinance organized the Territory South of the Ohio River, or Southwest Territory, which corresponded to present-day Tennessee.

 

March 4, 1791: The Vermont Republic, which had portions claimed by New York and New Hampshire and, while unrecognized by the United States, was a de facto independent country, was admitted as the 14th state, Vermont.

 

September 9, 1791: The District of Columbia, the nation’s federal district, was formed from land granted by Maryland and Virginia; the Virginia portion would be returned in 1847.

 

March 3, 1792: The federal government sold the Erie Triangle to Pennsylvania.

 

June 1, 1792: The western counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains were split off and admitted as the 15th state, Kentucky.

 

October 27, 1795: Pinckney’s Treaty, also known as the Treaty of San Lorenzo, signed on October 27, 1795, and proclaimed on August 3, 1796, settles the northern border of West Florida as the 31st parallel.

 

June 1, 1796: The Southwest Territory was admitted as the 16th state, Tennessee.

 

April 7, 1798: Due to the Yazoo Land Fraud, an act was signed by President John Adams, authorizing him to appoint commissioners to negotiate with Georgia about ceding its western land. The act created Mississippi Territory in the region ceded by West Florida, corresponding to roughly the southern third of present-day Mississippi and Alabama except their panhandles, which were part of West Florida.

 

July 4, 1800: Indiana Territory was formed from the western portion of Northwest Territory. It corresponded to present-day Illinois, Indiana, northeastern Minnesota, and Wisconsin, as well as the western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan and all but the eastern tip of the Upper Peninsula. Northwest Territory was left with only most of Ohio and the rest of Michigan.

 

July 10, 1800: Connecticut ceded its Western Reserve to the federal government, which made it part of Northwest Territory, and is the northeastern part of present-day Ohio.

 

April 26, 1802: Georgia finally ceded its western claims, the Yazoo Lands, to the federal government, where it became unorganized land.

 

March 1, 1803: The southeastern portion of Northwest Territory was admitted as the 17th state, Ohio. The remainder of Northwest Territory was transferred to Indiana Territory.

 

April 30, 1803: The Louisiana Purchase was made, expanding the United States west of the Mississippi River. There was a dispute with West Florida over how much land east of the Mississippi River it included. West of the Mississippi, it was defined as the Mississippi Basin, whose extent was not known at the time and extends slightly north of the modern Canada-US border. It consisted of the whole of present-day Arkansas, Kansas, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, and Oklahoma, and portions of Colorado, Louisiana, Minnesota, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Texas and Wyoming. It also included the southernmost portions of the present-day Canadian provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan.

 

March 27, 1804: The unorganized land ceded by Georgia was added to Mississippi Territory, consisting of the whole of present-day Mississippi and Alabama, minus their panhandles which were still part of West Florida.

 

October 1, 1804: The Louisiana Purchase was split into the District of Louisiana, which was temporarily under the authority of Indiana Territory, and the organized Territory of Orleans, which corresponded to part of present-day Louisiana with a small portion of Texas. The western border of Orleans Territory caused further conflict with New Spain, specifically over the region between the Sabine River on the west and the Arroyo Hondo (River) on the east, which became known as the Sabine Free State. This land was later confirmed as U.S. territory by the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819.

 

January 11, 1805: Michigan Territory was split from Indiana Territory, including the whole of the lower peninsula of present-day Michigan but only that eastern tip of the upper peninsula which was held by the Northwest Territory after Indiana Territory had been split from it.

 

July 4, 1805: The District of Louisiana was organized as Louisiana Territory.

 

March 1, 1809: Illinois Territory was split from Indiana Territory. Illinois Territory included present-day Illinois, northeastern Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Indiana Territory included the present-day borders of Indiana, with its western and eastern borders continuing northward; thus, it also included the central portion of the upper peninsula of Michigan, as well as Door Peninsula of present-day Wisconsin.

 

April 1810: The Hawaiian islands are unified as the Kingdom of Hawaii.

 

October 27, 1810: By proclamation by President James Madison, the United States annexed the Baton Rouge and Mobile Districts of West Florida, declaring them part of the Louisiana Purchase. These had, 90 days earlier, declared independence as the Republic of West Florida.

 

April 30, 1812: Most of the Territory of Orleans was admitted as the 18th state, Louisiana. The rest of the territory (the northwestern tip) was ceded to Louisiana Territory.

 

May 12, 1812: The federal government annexed a part of West Florida, the Mobile District, to Mississippi Territory, making the territory correspond to present-day Alabama and Mississippi.

 

June 4, 1812: Louisiana Territory, having the same name as a state, was renamed to Missouri Territory.

 

December 11, 1816: The southern portion of Indiana Territory was admitted as the 19th state, Indiana. The remainder became unorganized.

 

March 3, 1817 Alabama Territory was split from Mississippi Territory; both correspond to their present-day counterparts.

 

December 10, 1817: Mississippi Territory was admitted as the 20th state, Mississippi.

 

October 20, 1818: The Treaty of 1818 established the 49th parallel north west of the Lake of the Woods as the border with British-held lands, and Oregon Country was established as a shared land between the United States and United Kingdom. Oregon Country consisted of most of present-day Idaho and Oregon, all of Washington, and a portion of Montana, as well as the southern part of the Canadian province of British Columbia. The treaty transferred the Red River Basin to the United States, consisting of northwestern Minnesota, northeastern North Dakota, and the northeastern tip of South Dakota.

 

December 3, 1818: The southern portion of Illinois Territory was admitted as the 21st state, Illinois. The remainder was reassigned to Michigan Territory. The unorganized lands which had been a part of Indiana Territory prior to the admission of Indiana as a state were also assigned to Michigan Territory.

 

March 2, 1819: The southern part of Missouri Territory was organized as Arkansaw Territory, consisting of present-day Arkansas as well as part of Oklahoma. It was not officially spelled Arkansas until later.

 

December 14, 1819: Alabama Territory was admitted as the 22nd state, Alabama.

 

March 16, 1820: The Maine District of Massachusetts was split off and admitted as the 23rd state, Maine, as part of the Missouri Compromise.

 

July 10, 1821: The Adams-Onís Treaty or Transcontinental Treaty came into effect, establishing a defined border between the United States and New Spain. The treaty ceded Spain’s claims to Oregon Country to the United States and American claims to Texas to Spain; moved portions of present-day Colorado, Oklahoma, and Wyoming, and all of New Mexico and Texas, to New Spain; and all of Spanish Florida to the United States. The new borders intruded on Arkansaw Territory’s Miller County, created on April 1, 1820, which dipped below the Red River and into land now ceded to Spain. However, the remoteness of the region caused no serious conflict with Spain.

 

August 10, 1821: The southeastern corner of Missouri Territory was admitted as the 24th state, Missouri. The remainder became unorganized. Missouri did not include its northwestern triangle at this point, that being added later in the Platte Purchase.

 

September 27, 1821: The Viceroyalty of New Spain achieved independence as Mexico. Spanish Texas became Mexican Texas. | March 30, 1822: East Florida and the portion of West Florida not already part of other states were combined and organized as Florida Territory, which corresponded to present-day Florida. Around this time, the official spelling of Arkansaw Territory became Arkansas Territory.

 

November 15, 1824: Arkansas Territory was shrunk, the western portion becoming unorganized.

 

May 6, 1828: Arkansas Territory was shrunk further, attaining the present-day borders of Arkansas, with the remainder again becoming unorganized, excepting the land it still claimed as Miller County.

 

June 30, 1834: A large portion of unorganized land was added to Michigan Territory, corresponding to present-day Iowa, western Minnesota, and eastern North Dakota and South Dakota.

 

March 2, 1836: The Republic of Texas achieved independence from Mexico, though with a large portion of the territory disputed. It had control over the eastern half of present-day Texas, and disputed the western half, as well as portions of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, and Wyoming. Miller County in Arkansas Territory now intruded on the borders of Texas, and the people there began to take a Texian identity, leading to both governments having representatives from the county.

 

June 15, 1836: Arkansas Territory was admitted as the 25th state, Arkansas. It continued to claim Miller County, with increasing irrelevance.

 

July 4, 1836: Wisconsin Territory was split off from Michigan Territory, consisting of present-day Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, and eastern North and South Dakota. As an inducement to give up its claim over the Toledo Strip to Ohio, the whole of the present-day upper peninsula was assigned to Michigan Territory, giving it the present-day borders of Michigan.

 

January 26, 1837: Michigan Territory was admitted as the 26th state, Michigan.

 

March 28, 1837: The Platte Purchase added a small area of land to Missouri, giving it its present-day boundaries.

 

July 4, 1838: Iowa Territory was split off from Wisconsin Territory, consisting of present-day Iowa, western Minnesota, and eastern North Dakota and South Dakota, leaving Wisconsin Territory with northeastern Minnesota and Wisconsin.

 

November 10, 1842: The Webster-Ashburton Treaty settled the border between the United States and lands held by the United Kingdom east of the Rocky Mountains, ending the disputes over the northern border of the state of Maine and northeastern border of Wisconsin Territory, which today resides in present day Minnesota.

 

March 3, 1845: Florida Territory was admitted as the 27th state, Florida.

 

December 29, 1845: The Republic of Texas was admitted as the 28th state, Texas. The United States Congress passed the joint resolution of annexation on March 1, 1845, but Texas did not agree to join the union for some time after. Although the annexation resolution avoided specifying Texas’s boundaries, the U.S. inherited Texas’s unenforced claims to South Texas, West Texas, over half of New Mexico, a third of Colorado, and small parts of Oklahoma, Kansas and Wyoming. With Texas joining the union, Arkansas finally gave up its claim on Miller County.

 

June 18, 1846: The Oregon Treaty established the 49th parallel west of the Lake of the Woods as the continental border (so it did not include Vancouver Island) with the lands held by the United Kingdom. The sharing of Oregon Country ended, and the American portion becomes unorganized territory.

 

December 28, 1846: The southeast portion of Iowa Territory was admitted as the 29th state, Iowa. The remainder became unorganized.

 

February 2, 1848: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War. Mexico ceded the Texas-claimed areas as well as a large area of land consisting of all of present-day California, Nevada, and Utah, most of Arizona, and portions of Colorado, New Mexico, and Wyoming.

 

May 29, 1848: The southeastern portion of Wisconsin Territory was admitted as the 30th state, Wisconsin. The remainder became unorganized.

 

August 14, 1848: Oregon Territory was organized, including present-day Idaho, northwestern Montana, Oregon, Washington, and western Wyoming.

 

March 3, 1849: Minnesota Territory was organized, consisting of present-day Minnesota, and eastern portions of North Dakota and South Dakota.

 

September 9, 1850: The Compromise of 1850 divided the Mexican Cession and land claimed by Texas but ceded to the federal government in exchange for taking on its debts. The western portion was admitted as the 31st state, California, most of the rest was organized as Utah Territory and New Mexico Territory, and a small portion became unorganized land. New Mexico Territory consisted of most of present-day Arizona and New Mexico, as well as a southern portion of Colorado and the southern tip of Nevada. Utah Territory consisted of present-day Utah, most of Nevada, and portions of Colorado and Wyoming.

 

March 2, 1853: Washington Territory was split from Oregon Territory, consisting of present-day Washington, northern Idaho, and the western tip of Montana, leaving Oregon Territory with all of Oregon, southern Idaho and a portion of Wyoming.

 

December 30, 1853: The Gadsden Purchase added some land to New Mexico Territory, corresponding to the southernmost areas of present-day Arizona and New Mexico.

 

May 30, 1854: Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory were organized; the remaining unorganized land colloquially became known as Indian Territory. Kansas Territory consisted of present-day Kansas and eastern Colorado. Nebraska Territory consisted of present-day Nebraska, and parts of Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming. Indian Territory corresponds to eastern Oklahoma. A peculiarity appeared at this time, when a small strip of land north of Texas was not officially assigned by any state or territory; this came to be called the Neutral Strip or “No Man’s Land”, which corresponds to the present-day panhandle of Oklahoma.

 

May 11, 1858: The eastern portion of Minnesota Territory was admitted as the 32nd state, Minnesota. The remainder became unorganized.

 

February 14, 1859: The western portion of Oregon Territory was admitted as the 33rd state, Oregon. The remainder was assigned to Washington Territory.

 

February 8, 1860: Texas began claiming Greer County, Texas, controlled at that time by the federal government as unorganized territory, and now in present-day Oklahoma.

 

January 29, 1861: The eastern portion of Kansas Territory was admitted as the 34th state, Kansas. A peculiarity arose for the western portion. It was added to Colorado Territory on February 28, 1861; however, for the month between statehood for Kansas and the Colorado Territory being formed, it appears to have had no official status.

 

February 4, 1861: The Confederate States of America (CSA) was formed. The Southern states seceded at different dates and joined the CSA at different dates; to simplify the map, only the final form of the CSA is shown here. There were rebel governments as well as Union governments in Kentucky and Missouri, and the CSA had full control over Indian Territory.

 

February 28, 1861: Colorado Territory was organized, with land from Utah, New Mexico, and Nebraska Territories, as well as the land left over from Kansas Territory; it corresponded already to present-day Colorado. Also, the eastern tip of Washington Territory was transferred to Nebraska Territory.

 

March 2, 1861: Dakota Territory was split from Nebraska Territory, and included the unorganized land left over from Minnesota Territory. Dakota Territory consisted of both present-day North and South Dakota, as well as most of Montana and northern Wyoming. Nebraska Territory consisted of all of Nebraska and southeastern Wyoming. Nevada Territory was split from Utah Territory, corresponding to northwestern present-day Nevada; the eastern border was the 39th meridian west of Washington, D.C.

 

August 1, 1861: The Confederacy established Arizona Territory (CSA) in the southern half of the Union’s New Mexico Territory. It would be organized on February 14, 1862. It corresponded to the southern halves of present-day Arizona and New Mexico.

 

July 14, 1862: Due to its nature as a mining and grazing area, land started to be added to Nevada Territory to accommodate these activities. Its eastern border was moved eastward from the 39th meridian west from Washington, to the 38th meridian west from Washington, transferring the land from Utah Territory.

 

February 24, 1863: The Union created its own Arizona Territory, splitting it off from New Mexico Territory, making both territories correspond to their present-day states, except for Arizona Territory including the southern tip of present-day Nevada.

 

March 4, 1863: Idaho Territory was created from portions of Washington, Dakota, and Nebraska Territories, consisting of present-day Idaho, Montana, and most of Wyoming. Nebraska and Washington Territories were left corresponding to their present-day counterparts.

 

June 20, 1863: Several counties of northwestern Virginia who didn’t want to be part of the Confederacy split off and were admitted as the 35th state, West Virginia

 

May 26, 1864: Montana Territory was split from Idaho Territory, which also had some land transferred to Dakota Territory. Montana Territory corresponded to present-day Montana, Idaho Territory consisted of Idaho and western Wyoming, and Dakota Territory included both North and South Dakota, and most of Wyoming.

 

October 31, 1864: Nevada Territory was admitted as the 36th state, Nevada; it was a bit smaller than it is today, lacking area in both the east and south.

 

April 9, 1865: The Confederate States of America surrendered. The process of Reconstruction and readmission to the union would take several years; to simplify the map, they are shown as already readmitted.

 

May 5, 1866: Nevada’s eastern border was moved from the 38th meridian west from Washington, to the 37th meridian west from Washington, transferring land to it from Utah Territory.

 

January 18, 1867: The northwestern corner of Arizona Territory was transferred to the state of Nevada, giving it its present-day borders.

 

March 1, 1867: Nebraska Territory was admitted as the 37th state, Nebraska.

 

October 11, 1867: The United States purchased Alaska from Russia; it was designated the Department of Alaska, and corresponds, except for a boundary dispute, to present-day Alaska.

 

July 25, 1868: Wyoming Territory was formed from portions of Dakota, Idaho, and Utah Territories, corresponding to the present-day borders of Wyoming.

 

August 1, 1876: Colorado Territory was admitted as the 38th state, Colorado.

 

May 17, 1884: The Department of Alaska, previously under the direct control of the federal government and the military, was redesignated the District of Alaska, forming a local government.

 

November 2, 1889: Dakota Territory was split in two, and it was admitted as the 39th state, North Dakota, and 40th state, South Dakota.

 

November 8, 1889: Montana Territory was admitted as the 41st state, Montana.

 

November 11, 1889: Washington Territory was admitted as the 42nd state, Washington.

 

May 2, 1890: Oklahoma Territory was organized from the western portion of Indian Territory, and included the Neutral Strip, and corresponded to the western half of present-day Oklahoma.

 

July 3, 1890: Idaho Territory was admitted as the 43rd state, Idaho.

 

July 10, 1890: Wyoming Territory was admitted as the 44th state, Wyoming. | July 4, 1894: The Kingdom of Hawaii became the Republic of Hawaii.

 

January 4, 1896: Utah Territory was admitted as the 45th state, Utah.

 

May 4, 1896: A Supreme Court ruling officially assigns Greer County to Oklahoma Territory.

 

August 12, 1898: The Republic of Hawaii was annexed by the United States. | June 14, 1900: The annexed Hawaiian islands were organized as the Territory of Hawaii, and corresponded, except for including Palmyra Atoll, to the present-day state of Hawaii.

 

November 16, 1907: Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were combined and admitted as the 46th state, Oklahoma.

 

January 6, 1912: New Mexico Territory was admitted as the 47th state, New Mexico.

 

February 14, 1912: Arizona Territory was admitted as the 48th state, Arizona.

 

August 24, 1912: The District of Alaska was organized as Alaska Territory.

 

January 3, 1959: Alaska Territory was admitted as the 49th state, Alaska.

 

August 21, 1959: Hawaii Territory was admitted as the 50th state, Hawaii, resulting in the present-day situation of the United States. The statehood act specifically excluded Palmyra Atoll from the new state; it thus became unorganized land. Since it had been incorporated as part of the Hawaii Territory, Palmyra Atoll became the only incorporated territory left in the United States.

America’s Oil Revival

The Energy Spectator

America’s Oil Revival

By William Tucker on 2.8.13

Keeping abreast of the new energy reality — how soon before the U.S. becomes an energy exporter?

Last week Alaska Senator Lisa Murkowski unveiled the Republicans’ new plan for energy development. She called for a partial opening of the Alaska National Wildlife Refuge, the development of offshore oil tracts plus more production from federal lands. Within hours the Natural Resources Defense Council had dismissed the whole thing as “a plan from the past.” And in fact it was little more than a reiteration of the four-year-old cry, “Drill, baby, drill.”

Anyone who thinks this signals another four years of energy stalemate, however, is sadly mistaken. The very next day, energy expert Daniel Yergin was telling a hearing of the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee that, if anything, Washington is completely out of the loop as to what’s happening in energy. “Our thinking has to catch up with reality,” said Yergin, head of the prestigious Cambridge Energy Research Associates. “Everything has been turned upside down.”

Indeed. Only six month ago Mitt Romney was being mocked on front pages across the nation for suggesting North America could achieve energy independence within the next decade. Romney was careful to include Canada and Mexico, but the editorial writers ignored him anyway. Now six months later you could cross out Canada and Mexico. Within a few months, Congress will be undertaking a contentious debate over whether we should become an energy exporter.

Everybody knows about the natural gas boom, of course, brought about by the new fracking technology. Prices have been driven so low that gas wells are now closing down, waiting for the glut to subside. Fracking has so much momentum that even the attempt by Matt Damon to do for fracking what The China Syndrome did for nuclear power slunk out of the theaters in about a week. Sorry, Hollywood, even star power won’t be able to stop this one.

But natural gas is only the beginning. Where indirect drilling and the new fracturing techniques will have an impact is on reviving American oil. Consider this. The Bakken Shale’s “tight oil” formation, opened for development in 2006, has lifted America’s oil output 38 percent over the last five years. That’s the equivalent of the entire output of Nigeria, OPEC’s 7th largest producer. North Dakota is booming as if it were the 1980s. Unemployment is 3.2 percent, lowest in the nation, and Wal-Mart is paying $17 an hour. Things have gotten so good that the New York Times has felt compelled to dispatch reporters to tell us how women are being harassed in oil towns and many roughnecks lack medical insurance. (But the roughnecks do have enough money to offer the women $3,000 a night to tend bar at private parties.)

Now here’s the big news. As far as tight oil is concerned, the Bakken is just square one. The Eagle Ford formation in Texas, which is just getting started, is estimated to have the same amount of reserves (3-4 billion barrels). But another 15.4 billion barrels — 64 percent of all U.S. reserves — lie in the Monterey formation of central California. (Why does California always get the best of everything?) If Golden State politicians allow this oil to be developed, it will be far more significant than the ANWR or the Keystone Pipeline.

All these American resources are open for development precisely because they are not owned by the federal government. That is the saving grace. Except for the 60 percent land west of the Rockies that is owned by the government, America has the best system in the world for developing resources. Private investment and private ownership get things done while governments everywhere are consistently bogged down in bureaucracy, “baksheesh,” red tape, environmental opposition, and every other kind of impediment.

This was emphasized again only last week when BP estimated the tight oil and shale gas resources that have become available around the world through fracking and then projected how much of these new resources are likely to be developed in the next fifteen years:

oil reserves - frackingAs you can see, oil and gas resources are fairly evenly distributed around the world except — irony of ironies! — in the Middle East. Too bad. They will have to settle for the conventional varieties. But when it comes to developing these resources there is only one place where it is going to happen — North America, which means the United States and Canada. And notice how estimated North America production in 2030 — 800 million tons of oil equivalent — is still only a drop in the bucket compared to the 50 billion tons of oil equivalent estimated to lie beneath the ground. If the rest of the world ever gets around to adopting these technologies, there will be plenty of oil and gas for everybody.

In the meantime, the willingness to develop energy resources is creating a huge division between the laggards and those willing to forge ahead. Europe, for example, is falling by the wayside. Although the Continent has ample shale gas, most countries (except Poland) have already decided not to use them. The result is the EU is becoming ever more dependent on Russian gas — which is the equivalent of putting your neck in the noose. The Russians are already shaking down Ukraine and Lithuanians have been left shivering this winter as Gazprom enforces its monopoly power. (Lithuania was put in this bind by the European Union in 2009 when it was forced to close its two nuclear reactors, which provided 70 percent of its electricity, as the price of entry.) Meanwhile, Russia and China continue to forge ahead with conventional oil and gas. Russia is planning pipelines across Siberia to reach Asia and China is buying up energy resources from Africa to Alberta (as well as in the U.S. — President Obama is afraid to rock the boat for fear China won’t lend us any more money).

What is even more interesting is the divide that is coming between the Red and Blue States. Those states with Republican governors and legislatures are forging ahead. Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma, of course, have long been the workhorses of the nation but Ohio Governor John Kasich also did a beautiful job of bringing the players together to chart Ohio’s development of its Utica Shale. Now shale gas revenues are not only filling employees’ pockets but spurring a manufacturing renaissance as well. In neighboring Pennsylvania, where Republican Governor Tom Corbett presides over an all-Republican legislature, the Philadelphia Inquirer reports: “Private landowners are reaping billions of dollars in royalties each year from the boom in natural gas drilling, transforming lives and livelihoods.” Pennsylvania royalties are moving north into the vicinity of Alaska.

Right across the border in New York, however, despair prevails. Although upstate farmers are ready to go, the state is in the clutches of New York City’s celebrity culture where Yoko Ono is leading an anti-fracking campaign out of her Central Park West apartment. Governor Andrew Cuomo, of course, is shilly-shallying, eager not to offend anyone famous. Cuomo has punted several times on the issue and will continue to dodge it as long as possible. As far as the oil and gas industry is concerned, who cares? New York’s Marcellus portion would only add to the glut, depressing prices even further. But upstate New York remains in the company of Mississippi and Alabama as the poorest regions in the nation.

Just like Governor Cuomo, President Obama will avoid taking a stand on the Keystone Pipeline as long as humanly possible. The latest postponement is until June and will undoubtedly stretch far beyond that — maybe into the next administration. But once again, it doesn’t matter much. The only losers will be those Texas refineries that were built to process the heavy Alberta tar sands. Much of that oil was slated for export as refined products anyway. Killing Keystone won’t have much impact on domestic supplies. In fact, President Obama will probably argue that the bounty from tight oil and shale gas now makes Keystone unnecessary — while claiming credit for the fracking boom himself.

The epic confrontation, however, will come when California has to decide whether to open the Monterey Shale. Will the Golden State go the way of Europe and forsake resource development? Will it go on chasing windmills and solar butterflies while sliding toward insolvency? And if California, New York, Illinois, and the other enterprise-averse states do slide into insolvency, will the prospering red states be obliged to bail them out?

Stay tuned. It’s going to be interesting.